In this meticulously researched and absorbing biography Arthur Kahn brings Caesar alive and explores the spirit of his age with intensity illuminating the politics the technological and scientific developments military struggles and the artistic and philosophical ferment


10 thoughts on “The Education of Julius Caesar A Biography a Reconstruction

  1. eWμɯVHnq4^uΈNL(Ԕb3 R4jucjhtV@@@@A1;1aalaɕCtsEld_`ɱ kUuj e)ۭkLT2u;>4cU•_ ,NI6]gDgp-!"1#2 A03BRCP4Sa@@B;blewrY>}2j 4?X ^;犂HHt1s#)2cthÐꜨed V9QiXoN)ZԻT36 ~F>\ߢ(݉ Bv^ VA[FZFrO -͸ |MR~ڷYMGOP7W$b)WĆ +D)U 2sfܷj"6hǡdnLLkYߐ"TTJr"%fk tFrUܒ1qܐ۩~uM+r1U7PilP0UHunT3C|c{нl[%j1}R$Evr }Xѳ8 MhsZfWĊɘƧQ|- PX1~ DRy8`h'\JM6Ӥ^BM㝀+ߕB ̬nر4]͕-@Ck)e͂BO3ޕ06Y¢((X`uF|i@arl5:b쒥fqFdbi9$`VPz>u JsLdZ/zHVQ#FT+teĔCqSt\}XQiwAmPeP|erHi@˼2Hb*eVȈY驁#$ȇVJA 1$ X (zaPߋ0Y4z4p~{!,lAF  Өf'RΣfcm-gF|@a0 @ 0 1 A2# Th   FCC#d,x˜jGzC7|g-Y̮Ȁ zZgcsgR QPBv ~AlpQcnaAFRO#p<-:.1ðdTYH`JTdlRUl>:}pK0P(4JYC*0qY+(Tf>8A fzPt uF٩RlGګQ8ғA}. pdb<$܏TSblBJ2Eb*W0b97Rm=A#^,gj`A #ڐyGًr}wu,2I2QV?Kɐ)luPdwb&;bF@!1AQ"2BaqR br#03CSPҢ@p*-\(][=Q8LmGn FխyF ka/W#Ħk>'p֦s2/YWF ܥ<۬cS8UFt0W5 CVLi;aɴ; Vm&H24 xaƎDbej6p؂+)07-&Ӫ q:f^ c5",8DR/ޝ4ʧb@K'|o %6 ²yr@ ÚOWH菔P)L!qb!~D-Dg VSidE]C$V>GZX,oUߖ; aVSHNbEJ$48 ^];7T;1Zt@ɜ~m- 'xB8E~"pVQ6fqvrպ67;f)Bql]\LQo]_I.z~m;lug6Q=+1'lBMkOw_FQ%X2 EX$^ ;P{GP>#wewU~Ywl[x.tHM(kaUvg,D8U4Ў6Nل{V`12Y76ܣՄ`*[rm8'4b2&y\ta +؀|09C#WW`FkLjFk't+%N1ަ}SީǁOhQ橒L@pkϩ@;Rw|[֋UC;U7#0 jU)ܑ|vСl%h7v7lrf7" N GtutOY$Eq[W-Gƀ ̶Aty-B˦Ԅ60r[iQLs\:~9'n.(cӕu M1NkL=4q i\$1|brV<,N!$HNar̼VΜ6B> 4q FYjwc%إGR^<}K A?cJMz'@QnPp_6xզ ܬ|D4xi $I'L@ջz=I\fEֻH\ 6m3{?F{&d$`Ih OAIcloT$î^'1V .-aJu` E*//y/65h2&p ;~)PYƁ JáI/tiQx"&cHb#2ve җeRXLZq^܃Z3| *2u:z)C4aR%V͓ LLq E&x(CM0 { re"4Z *ʯ1v6SYi4Tlnm$^*{hqFnD*vL!±°z.?/UYu}Mw2QI0wY(rҺYcʺAyceC}4|Ji49?շtG#41@X.bO0Qm2A儖|Jl{'T5Bg2[qPJ\*Un; twIKc^:="Le94wRᯑoIRNh $vus"ݕ_ }qSc\QeZ;Xj%ы8m@w ZeD\nt^hpK}3B]}ؠ' "U1xC[sK!sV2)RĶUw<6gGT=Qh[ Srh,GjߙOz0ImT&xV[L\ Q \FVQ<7yd/-q<t- v!X&"oI9Gϊ堩ݒ<}iV4 R%"XVl2Jlnw 'wu.MĈNy =w@rpy9@kTTy.J)b}GI2GW/W-f^ $:hh\VĸL 7\s Ւ',e;Fg3b0ҩ'&_n* Q=O-YJC g`>j_ *5򣊜ځ4/h"U5Dў!xNqs4 j/ڰ]5t" Tn1Wi2OJ[YB+:j:C xcY{qQ#%u=v᧋1IBi^y;`'4w nx%£ q1;bXQJϻ_PA}!mT.Ԧ,`~*S|B昨$lC<-ILYb.(C,LZTM`1M  EIȓ$l;7'g&gg۪M>Ե\ܢħefb5ק9F $gG|/%zY!ĦP GҬH)RA(,P$}i1L '栔)­c^\ISe [YCc?󈨩BD3Cb mDHI=$hN˻ tym^'%j{F!a*%/" #=թ8>ZJH#P\Xm8!7VV .=Z nS*j3"y$(i< ,[CB%7G|Ad,KԌQynU4˖M0r2beG3uk蒤 epTFvTz[cLm+HPN #̼aC}{\m`S1ϛ QE[dʎKqSr9\pяTKٺM!+КvkgrgOuC e@++Pr!W#>& V(UQmi^;Y!#nSɹ!m9OfAr➡WL"d<<`1,Q t f䷑qH4AP5 kDIJDb㩢np.Mh*Ff`}zLf`Y"/DtVOZ*xP>J#HR4%v%0&2@Uqx#%*<:, qZJ]mQ|AJA3{>:2 |0#V*&F| |hi%-q||>yBM#x EO\Pa%1b}jEnrr"$HqFHDf@|q-@{0#(s5%-oD5SJĘ'V݀"86QP$X+!L2TSb<1*7O=}}0r?Q$|+'׹ZEV2Z!⺆BJ< W]Z\.js*A LOqƦJ^ ݆9lZSMt!T [V݊@ |k7@%yu ѣG|]b%{iC:jcx'c,q ʹ3D%A"r!V.\NϠtA"!aEN5}!,S;êY.IcUz)5Z%bUfmvV9!4&evu!R+T̃7FQ:_dCZmHb.ڟkR`?vzA^k`3cJ% Md.%jpNYw}Hмz1s]dƞ TrE| \iI&oYۍ @@BgL@ŖCZ]D1ֶkyoKAi{(Wێ,^hCBei@1xًAdȀhݵx]hE`:ݡ \j*bcbW)` ޝdv5Pkgr6S\/f(NZ D $F @r Y]$7G.%՘!bL]^#rVijEQ]샕#Y`:7SZ1? 17SoYF j$d(!k^fFS^O5yٚ3[s9-yN @  XD#ÁQMag9x Hֶ)ՍA mt*pp3!^s 9i!2K\'Vzb`0 z(j _C&Q,1pQ\unvݲ\Lt`L)cKၰDB&!Acx0'n %aWjg~VnF@&pzۖjhgk!OXSsM$O#"ZѰۇ d)|#nh6pU+(-e/ n%Bv!ٍ6 &q( C[*U $(f, Q1hїX` ы \ٵMUBs" JцܷTT5º C4 V. Zg@$%&D N)"d 'M v7r < x}(?0b"pK14rVj*o *. Pzs;#Cz]a)f9XE|vތ݌`Cs6-\=s~]+W;lֶ%B 0o*>@)5 ٳ@T4ЇQINĬ>ނhY8p4x~́'HüiCc65 3nhkcQUo0Ш>+^h-9nq4ep]L@my ^0 nWPjMR+M|kDp T@.>X3lp$F[ lu HQC,o]+jخ*w4ŕMX-wH؛9 =:޵ aVk^FxkCF1v +uD6{w8&s^ْfFDZed53_؅炭 G #FU.w6&.O _qCH<  ER ͉P~].5?$5Ge-/:ne׫zUN7fTnTh8=5pf\j;|Bi^ _=LSLbs±P4pjZEu`1@D)"\6P `pT=eD+l'6.#O"}3#*jԘlK8e {&B )_.eoG=]<Vu2H@k_XtԘw΀Bhz]%]aS{wEWtE exȄ 6&+:͸@o4v iKQtgcN5E?9 SXDINW &[tobd$kiL ^ "΂m`VV:MZ9 C!3A;-|ΐxTAQo"ܩ*i&OU6(2E'Lؔ(QM1VS^2!@cxp:WD^cd&d Hd0 5'-M4*,i| 2fv*'1T}C!‡C ,!1A Qqa"02@Rbr@BO2h]iײl ؔx L( -) #Yk Jݐ< # .D†7,z*2rJE\>;JEθQl/dYD[ \)IMԈDMbYc"HTFo& 5-;Gc˟e1Z^lzU'ɌWk4ـ1XTFF5pLvTwD7 R"꺢D D@IEƄD  Iˇ ?e]1p~T<Jeu d%l !:bC},~42E`.IAA  1[s|L~Q(L@ "Q8*TU"^\E"۪Pt *"czWtO@5柀& ([VVi$  aLEQe)2"3o(HWDO ^_ a#9"fL2<)>5%H ߨ ɇK&9Pf jE"/B-S35**aHe߄" srcset=">d`l$$( ( ,,$,(,,,8@0(,4L\T@PeWμɯVHnq4^uΈNL(Ԕb3 R4jucjhtV@@@@A1;1aalaɕCtsEld_`ɱ kUuj e)ۭkLT2u;>4cU•_ ,NI6]gDgp-!"1#2 A03BRCP4Sa@@B;blewrY>}2j 4?X ^;犂HHt1s#)2cthÐꜨed V9QiXoN)ZԻT36 ~F>\ߢ(݉ Bv^ VA[FZFrO -͸ |MR~ڷYMGOP7W$b)WĆ +D)U 2sfܷj"6hǡdnLLkYߐ"TTJr"%fk tFrUܒ1qܐ۩~uM+r1U7PilP0UHunT3C|c{нl[%j1}R$Evr }Xѳ8 MhsZfWĊɘƧQ|- PX1~ DRy8`h'\JM6Ӥ^BM㝀+ߕB ̬nر4]͕-@Ck)e͂BO3ޕ06Y¢((X`uF|i@arl5:b쒥fqFdbi9$`VPz>u JsLdZ/zHVQ#FT+teĔCqSt\}XQiwAmPeP|erHi@˼2Hb*eVȈY驁#$ȇVJA 1$ X (zaPߋ0Y4z4p~{!,lAF  Өf'RΣfcm-gF|@a0 @ 0 1 A2# Th   FCC#d,x˜jGzC7|g-Y̮Ȁ zZgcsgR QPBv ~AlpQcnaAFRO#p<-:.1ðdTYH`JTdlRUl>:}pK0P(4JYC*0qY+(Tf>8A fzPt uF٩RlGګQ8ғA}. pdb<$܏TSblBJ2Eb*W0b97Rm=A#^,gj`A #ڐyGًr}wu,2I2QV?Kɐ)luPdwb&;bF@!1AQ"2BaqR br#03CSPҢ@p*-\(][=Q8LmGn FխyF ka/W#Ħk>'p֦s2/YWF ܥ<۬cS8UFt0W5 CVLi;aɴ; Vm&H24 xaƎDbej6p؂+)07-&Ӫ q:f^ c5",8DR/ޝ4ʧb@K'|o %6 ²yr@ ÚOWH菔P)L!qb!~D-Dg VSidE]C$V>GZX,oUߖ; aVSHNbEJ$48 ^];7T;1Zt@ɜ~m- 'xB8E~"pVQ6fqvrպ67;f)Bql]\LQo]_I.z~m;lug6Q=+1'lBMkOw_FQ%X2 EX$^ ;P{GP>#wewU~Ywl[x.tHM(kaUvg,D8U4Ў6Nل{V`12Y76ܣՄ`*[rm8'4b2&y\ta +؀|09C#WW`FkLjFk't+%N1ަ}SީǁOhQ橒L@pkϩ@;Rw|[֋UC;U7#0 jU)ܑ|vСl%h7v7lrf7" N GtutOY$Eq[W-Gƀ ̶Aty-B˦Ԅ60r[iQLs\:~9'n.(cӕu M1NkL=4q i\$1|brV<,N!$HNar̼VΜ6B> 4q FYjwc%إGR^<}K A?cJMz'@QnPp_6xզ ܬ|D4xi $I'L@ջz=I\fEֻH\ 6m3{?F{&d$`Ih OAIcloT$î^'1V .-aJu` E*//y/65h2&p ;~)PYƁ JáI/tiQx"&cHb#2ve җeRXLZq^܃Z3| *2u:z)C4aR%V͓ LLq E&x(CM0 { re"4Z *ʯ1v6SYi4Tlnm$^*{hqFnD*vL!±°z.?/UYu}Mw2QI0wY(rҺYcʺAyceC}4|Ji49?շtG#41@X.bO0Qm2A儖|Jl{'T5Bg2[qPJ\*Un; twIKc^:="Le94wRᯑoIRNh $vus"ݕ_ }qSc\QeZ;Xj%ы8m@w ZeD\nt^hpK}3B]}ؠ' "U1xC[sK!sV2)RĶUw<6gGT=Qh[ Srh,GjߙOz0ImT&xV[L\ Q \FVQ<7yd/-q<t- v!X&"oI9Gϊ堩ݒ<}iV4 R%"XVl2Jlnw 'wu.MĈNy =w@rpy9@kTTy.J)b}GI2GW/W-f^ $:hh\VĸL 7\s Ւ',e;Fg3b0ҩ'&_n* Q=O-YJC g`>j_ *5򣊜ځ4/h"U5Dў!xNqs4 j/ڰ]5t" Tn1Wi2OJ[YB+:j:C xcY{qQ#%u=v᧋1IBi^y;`'4w nx%£ q1;bXQJϻ_PA}!mT.Ԧ,`~*S|B昨$lC<-ILYb.(C,LZTM`1M  EIȓ$l;7'g&gg۪M>Ե\ܢħefb5ק9F $gG|/%zY!ĦP GҬH)RA(,P$}i1L '栔)­c^\ISe [YCc?󈨩BD3Cb mDHI=$hN˻ tym^'%j{F!a*%/" #=թ8>ZJH#P\Xm8!7VV .=Z nS*j3"y$(i< ,[CB%7G|Ad,KԌQynU4˖M0r2beG3uk蒤 epTFvTz[cLm+HPN #̼aC}{\m`S1ϛ QE[dʎKqSr9\pяTKٺM!+КvkgrgOuC e@++Pr!W#>& V(UQmi^;Y!#nSɹ!m9OfAr➡WL"d<<`1,Q t f䷑qH4AP5 kDIJDb㩢np.Mh*Ff`}zLf`Y"/DtVOZ*xP>J#HR4%v%0&2@Uqx#%*<:, qZJ]mQ|AJA3{>:2 |0#V*&F| |hi%-q||>yBM#x EO\Pa%1b}jEnrr"$HqFHDf@|q-@{0#(s5%-oD5SJĘ'V݀"86QP$X+!L2TSb<1*7O=}}0r?Q$|+'׹ZEV2Z!⺆BJ< W]Z\.js*A LOqƦJ^ ݆9lZSMt!T [V݊@ |k7@%yu ѣG|]b%{iC:jcx'c,q ʹ3D%A"r!V.\NϠtA"!aEN5}!,S;êY.IcUz)5Z%bUfmvV9!4&evu!R+T̃7FQ:_dCZmHb.ڟkR`?vzA^k`3cJ% Md.%jpNYw}Hмz1s]dƞ TrE| \iI&oYۍ @@BgL@ŖCZ]D1ֶkyoKAi{(Wێ,^hCBei@1xًAdȀhݵx]hE`:ݡ \j*bcbW)` ޝdv5Pkgr6S\/f(NZ D $F @r Y]$7G.%՘!bL]^#rVijEQ]샕#Y`:7SZ1? 17SoYF j$d(!k^fFS^O5yٚ3[s9-yN @  XD#ÁQMag9x Hֶ)ՍA mt*pp3!^s 9i!2K\'Vzb`0 z(j _C&Q,1pQ\unvݲ\Lt`L)cKၰDB&!Acx0'n %aWjg~VnF@&pzۖjhgk!OXSsM$O#"ZѰۇ d)|#nh6pU+(-e/ n%Bv!ٍ6 &q( C[*U $(f, Q1hїX` ы \ٵMUBs" JцܷTT5º C4 V. Zg@$%&D N)"d 'M v7r < x}(?0b"pK14rVj*o *. Pzs;#Cz]a)f9XE|vތ݌`Cs6-\=s~]+W;lֶ%B 0o*>@)5 ٳ@T4ЇQINĬ>ނhY8p4x~́'HüiCc65 3nhkcQUo0Ш>+^h-9nq4ep]L@my ^0 nWPjMR+M|kDp T@.>X3lp$F[ lu HQC,o]+jخ*w4ŕMX-wH؛9 =:޵ aVk^FxkCF1v +uD6{w8&s^ْfFDZed53_؅炭 G #FU.w6&.O _qCH<  ER ͉P~].5?$5Ge-/:ne׫zUN7fTnTh8=5pf\j;|Bi^ _=LSLbs±P4pjZEu`1@D)"\6P `pT=eD+l'6.#O"}3#*jԘlK8e {&B )_.eoG=]<Vu2H@k_XtԘw΀Bhz]%]aS{wEWtE exȄ 6&+:͸@o4v iKQtgcN5E?9 SXDINW &[tobd$kiL ^ "΂m`VV:MZ9 C!3A;-|ΐxTAQo"ܩ*i&OU6(2E'Lؔ(QM1VS^2!@cxp:WD^cd&d Hd0 5'-M4*,i| 2fv*'1T}C!‡C ,!1A Qqa"02@Rbr@BO2h]iײl ؔx L( -) #Yk Jݐ< # .D†7,z*2rJE\>;JEθQl/dYD[ \)IMԈDMbYc"HTFo& 5-;Gc˟e1Z^lzU'ɌWk4ـ1XTFF5pLvTwD7 R"꺢D D@IEƄD  Iˇ ?e]1p~T<Jeu d%l !:bC},~42E`.IAA  1[s|L~Q(L@ "Q8*TU"^\E"۪Pt *"czWtO@5柀& ([VVi$  aLEQe)2"3o(HWDO ^_ a#9"fL2<)>5%H ߨ ɇK&9Pf jE"/B-S35**aHe߄" class="avatar avatar-100 photo amp-wp-enforced-sizes" height="100" width="100" layout="intrinsic"> says:

    These pointsIt will help to have a knowledge of how the Roman republic was set up that is its magistrates key offices the Senate Comitia Centuriata and Comitia Tributa Little of this is explained to the reader who is presumed to know this After which the reader will benefit in learning how the army operated legions cohorts and the like Knowing this well in you go Experiencing the violent turbulence of the last century of the Republic’s existence Caesar learned much and benefited from it hence the title He’s only young for a few chapters The main story is his biography where he went what he did In the background is the conflict frequently violent with riots and murders between the optimates and populares or if you will the well to do and the less wealthy Caesar championed the latter The author describes the wealthy party and its government as an oligarchy and explains what it does in terms of what typical oligarchies do reckon he doesn’t like ‘em Much of how Caesar thought seems to have been influenced by Epicureanism Quotes from the period greats are found in the text as they may have related to JC Battles are fought and won or lost There isn’t much about the movements or tactics There probably isn’t that much information about them available two millennia later Everything you may have read or leaned about Cicero and Cataline in your third year Latin is tossed out the window The author sums Cicero up as a “trimmer” A major point which stuck with me is Caesar’s generosity in victory He seemed to have a game plan to restructure the Republic and this did not sit well with the hide bound aristocratic oligarchs who stood to lose big sesterces under this so that explains the Ides of March People are either “Caesarphiles” or “Caesarphobes” The epilogue tells where the author stands